Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance reco… Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 16 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Whatever differs from the sound doctrine of the Scriptures, opens a door to divisions and offences. Knowing names. In vs.11-16 Paul reaffirms that Israel still has a special place in God’s plan. We don’t know when this happened, but obviously there was a close bond between them because of this. Scripture: Romans 16:25–27. Romans Lesson 16. None of the people listed in Romans 16 were famous or powerful in the world’s eyes. 4:4-7). Perhaps he had endured some difficult trial in a commendable way. She was probably a single, wealthy business woman (she was a “helper” or “patroness” or “benefactor” of many, including Paul). It just makes us aware of right from wrong. 2 For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death. We are not called to be Christians in isolation, but rather in relationship with one another. Romans 8:5-27 Romans 1:1-16:27 Lessons 2-14 available to registered attendees. Salute one another with a holy kiss — “The Jews considered the kiss as an expression of friendship. Romans 1:1-2:11 Lesson Three …. Read Romans 5:1-5 together as a group. 2012 - The Book of Genesis 2012. Nine examples of ignoring God in favor of idols. Persis (another woman) “has worked hard in the Lord” (16:12). Second, although scholars for centuries have been divided over whether Junias (16:7) was a man or a woman, most today argue that it refers to the wife of Andronicus. 1. When Nero came to the throne, his mother Agrippina forced Narcissus to commit suicide (three or four years before Romans was written), so his slaves also would be part of the royal household. Wherever they went, their hearts were for building up the church. He graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary (Th.M., 1976 in Bible exposition) and Califo... More, 4. God forbid. Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture Quotations are from the New American Standard Bible, Updated Edition © The Lockman Foundation, Related Topics: Ecclesiology (The Church), Spiritual Gifts, Spiritual Life, Steve served as the pastor of Flagstaff Christian Fellowship from May, 1992 through his retirement in December, 2018. Downloads. Barclay remarks that “Romans was a letter which Paul found very difficult to bring to an end.” 25 The apostle seems to remember another great truth that he wishes to emphasize. Happy New Year: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives, 4. Several disciples helped Paul in his ministry. Make a list of your “8 to 15” and begin to pray for opportunities to share the gospel with them. 2016 - The Book of John. Lesson Focus: Rejoicing in our afflictions. Romans 4:1-15 Lesson 291 Read both the "King James Bible" and the "New Living Translation." They work hard together for the Lord. 19 They know the truth about God because he has made it obvious to them. I'm Jennifer! Romans 5:6-6:14 Lesson Six …. Home › Group Notes › June 16 – Romans 5:6-11 (Lesson 17) June 16 – Romans 5:6-11 (Lesson 17) Posted on June 13, 2013 by Bryan Parris. First Peter 4:10-11 puts it like this: As each one has received a special gift, employ it in serving one another as good stewards of the manifold grace of God. When you hear these names read out, what thought do they suggest to you? ed. What a tribute to the glorious gospel that saves ordinary, diverse people from every walk of life and places them “in Christ”! Commentary on Romans 16:17-20 (Read Romans 16:17-20) How earnest, how endearing are these exhortations! 2 For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death. As we’ve seen, there were tensions between the Gentile and Jewish segments of the church in Rome. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit He sent His Son to rescue you from sin and judgment. Romans 16:20 It appears that Paul is again trying to close the epistle. 2. Paul begins Romans 8 by stating (8:1), “Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.” He ends that chapter by saying (8:39) that there is nothing that “will be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.” Whether you are wealthy or poor, ordinary or important, male or female, no matter what your background, those eternal blessings are offered to you in Christ Jesus if you will trust in Him as your Savior. And as noted, it was written for ordinary Christians, not just for theologians or scholars. He mentions four of them as being especially close (“my beloved” or “the beloved”; 16:5, 8, 9, 12), including Epaenetus, who was the first convert in Asia. Paul calls Prisca and Aquila “my fellow workers in Christ Jesus” (16:3). An inscription has been found in Corinth mentioning an Erastus who was the public works administrator. In Corinth, Gaius apparently hosted a church in his house (16:23). Copyright Restrictions It takes some mental effort to grapple with these profound truths, but it’s well worth the work! Rufus is “chosen in the Lord” (16:13). So make a prayer list of these 8-15 people and ask God to show them their need of Christ and to give you an opportunity to tell them the good news. It may be to set a godly example as a loving husband and father. Romans 16:25-27 I’m not comfortable creating and posting my paraphrase here, so what follows is from The New Living Translation. It may refer to an earlier or later job of this same man who was now city treasurer. They are deepening their relationships with one another, being hospitable and helpful to one another as family. “I have bitter grief and incessant anguish in my heart.” Romans 9:2 AMPC. Hello, I’m Jennifer. This snapshot also reveals that…. 11:3-16; 14:34-38) is not sound interpretation (Moo, p. 927; Thomas Schreiner, Romans [Baker], p. 797). In the wilderness, did Jesus have supernatural power to resist temptation. He says that Andronicus and Junias “were in Christ before me” (16:7). (affiliate link) Now all glory to God, who is able to make you strong, just as … 5:14). a person who perceives, prays over,professes, and promotes the will of god. Even though our names will never be in Scripture and none of us will probably be recognized or remembered by the world, God knows your name and you are important to Him. Lesson 37: Romans 9–16-New Testament Teacher Manual. Romans Chapter 5, Lesson 1 (PDF) Romans Message Notes, June 9 (PDF) ROMANS 5:1-5. Scripture: Romans 16:25–27. His son Rufus was now a prominent member of the church in Rome. A. Ashland, OR 97520 . Many churches now have women pastors and elders. After all, why would Paul go so far out of his way to reach a well-established church in Rome when it meant passing by other unreached areas? romans 12 lesson #16 the gift of prophecy and the gift of teaching. Printable Study Guide. Lesson 28. John Piper These verses show that Paul knew many of the saints in Rome by name and some of them closely, even though he had not yet visited Rome. Romans 16. Through his forced encounter with Christ and the cross, he came to faith in Jesus as His Savior and Lord. We don’t know why Paul singles him out as “a choice man in the Lord.” The Greek term is, “elect” or “chosen” in the Lord, which is true of all believers. Updated: Feb 3, 2020. He’s about to appeal to a church run by Jewish leaders asking them to fund his mission work to reach Gentiles in Spain, But before he does, he mentions his upcoming trip where he will deliver generous Gentile support to a needy Jewish church, So as the Jews are being blessed by Gentile believers, so it should be that these Jewish believers might bless future Gentiles in Spain, Notice Paul then says in vs.28-29 that as he comes back this way and stops in Rome, he will expect to to be sent on to Spain by the Roman church, To be sent on means to be supported in that journey, Notice he adds that when he comes he will come in the fullness of the blessing of Christ, Paul is referring to the blessing Christ would bestow upon the church in Rome on the occasion of Paul’s visit and by way of his teaching and leadership, Paul was not an immodest man, as his letters demonstrate, So when Paul says this, he isn’t complimenting himself, He’s simply acknowledging the work the Lord was prepared to do through him in keeping with his role as an apostle, So the deal he’s offering the church in Rome is simple, He intends to come to that church so that he might bless them in their mission, And so that they might bless him in his mission, Paul isn’t interested in becoming wealthy and he’s not interested in visiting Rome merely for the attention it will give him, For Paul, everything is about the mission of the Church, And therefore Paul turns to making a specific request for support…for prayer support, The financial support Paul needed could only come once he arrived in the city of Rome, But the prayer support could start immediately and would be even more powerful, Paul didn’t urge the church to support him financially, but he urges them to pray, He refers to their prayers on behalf of his ministry work as striving together with Paul, It’s a great way to understand your opportunity to pray for others in their ministry, First, it’s a joining with another person, God will accomplish more through two members of the body united in this way than by individuals working apart, Even though one is using hands and feet while the other is using prayer, they are still joined spiritually, And in eternity we will understand how the Lord used these together to accomplish more to His glory, Obviously, Paul’s long and dangerous journeys were a form of striving for Paul, But the Romans’ prayers for Paul were equally striving, In fact the Greek word for strive is actually a compound word made up of the Greek words “together” and “fighting”, So it conveys the idea of fighting together, If you have ever tried to pray for someone else’s ministry work on a continual basis, then you know full well that it is striving, You are fighting with the other person against a common enemy, The enemy will resist their work in the field in one way, And he will resist your work on your knees in other ways, But both of you will be striving if you’re working at all, So as you consider your opportunities to support ministry, remember there are two types of support we should offer the work of the church, One occurs in a moment, the other is continuous, One has delayed effect, the other has immediate effect, One enables the work, the other enables success, Interestingly, Paul did return to Rome directly after visiting Jerusalem, though he entered Rome in chains, Jews conspired to have Paul arrested by Roman authorities while in Jerusalem, As a Roman citizen, he appealed to be tried by Caesar (which was a Roman right), Which then led Rome to transport Paul for free to Rome, Paul spent two years in house arrest awaiting trial, And according to reliable early church records, Paul eventually left Rome with their support and indeed went to Spain for a time, Later, after several years, Paul returned to Rome, This time he was executed by Nero, according to church tradition, Countless men and women will be in the kingdom either directly or indirectly due to Paul and his writings, So in a sense, those in Rome who funded and prayed for Paul’s work were striving with Paul for all those gains as well, At this point, the letter is essentially complete…but for greetings in Chapter 16, We will read the chapter – and I will do my best not to butcher the names – and then we will consider a few historical facts along the way, Chapter 16 is a very personal list of thoughts and greetings, He mentions 36 names, 8 who are with Paul in Corinth and the rest are those he greets in Rome, He also mentioned two households and three house churches, Most of the names are Gentile, reflecting the growing population of Gentiles in that church, It is interesting that Paul could name so many people in Rome and yet had never visited the city, As I mentioned earlier, Paul lists so many names because not having visited, he wanted to affirm his connection to this church, Also, Paul has probably made some personal contacts with those who left Rome to come visit him, So in fellowship, he greets them to be polite and loving, As Wiersbe observed, Paul was a friend-maker as well as a soul winner, The first name Paul mentions, Phoebe, is the one who carried this letter to Rome from Corinth from where Paul wrote it, The word in Greek is diakonos, which means servant or minister or deacon, Illustrating that from the beginning woman have played an important and even prominent role in the church, The list from v.3–v.16 includes many Latin or Greek names (or possibly they are Jews with Greek names like Paul), Priscilla and Aquila met Paul in Corinth when they fled Rome after the Emperor Claudius ordered Jews to leave Rome, They were also tent makers and as Paul says, they risked their lives for him, Paul took them to Ephesus with him where they helped Apollos, Later they moved back to Rome and had a church in their home, We also read about them being back in Ephesus with Timothy at one point, The first convert from Asia refers to Ephesus, (Asia Minor) not modern day Asia, The reference in v.7 to apostles who were in Christ before Paul is striking, Notice these men are called apostles yet they are not among the twelve nor mentioned anywhere else in scripture, This is further evidence that there were numerous apostles not given high profile in scripture, Looking at verse 10, Paul greets not Aristobulus but the man’s household, Paul is probably referring to the slaves of that household who had become believers, yet Aristobulus himself had not, Rufus may have been the son of Simon of Cyrene who helped carry Christ’s cross, And apparently his mother was like a mother to Paul at some point, And in v.14, the brethren is probably a reference to another house church, Interestingly, Paul interrupts his greetings to issue a brief warning against the activity of false teachers in the church, In v.17 Paul asks the church to keep a watchful eye for these guys, They will know them because they cause dissensions, They create hinderances to obedience to the word, This is an example of fruit from trees, to use Jesus’ metaphor from Matthew 12, You may not immediately know if a teaching is correct, but if it’s a lie from the enemy, his fingerprints will be all over it, It’s effect will be negative on holiness, obedience and unity, People will not be edified by its introduction, they will be harmed, People will move away from sound doctrine as a result, which is why the enemy sows bad teaching in the church in the first place, Paul asks the church to take note of this pattern allowing it to inform their understanding of those who spread such teaching, Men who have this impact on the church are slaves of sin, not of Christ, So we’re not talking about mistaken believers teaching falsely, We’re talking about unbelievers intentionally manipulating the body for their own purposes, They use smooth speech, which means they are well-spoken, And they ingratiate themselves with flattery which is a subtle form of lying, In other words, their style covers for their lack of substance, They offer the church candy-coated poison for the soul, And in that way they deceive the hearts of the unsuspecting, Paul and other New Testament writers offer a great deal more information about dealing with false teachers in other letters (especially Jude), So for now, Paul simply issues this warning in passing, I suspect he does this because at this time in history Paul was especially troubled by false teachers hounding him as he traveled, The mid-century saw a particularly strong rise in false teaching around Judaism and the Law as well as other heresies, So Paul may have become concerned that his interest in going to Rome might lead false teachers to get there before him, Also in v.19 Paul seems to think that the report of Rome’s good teaching and steady adherence to true doctrine could provoke the enemy to respond, But in v.20 Paul says the enemy is destined to be crushed under Christ’s feet, So though today Satan sows confusion in the church with false teaching, it will not change the end result for him, Nevertheless, Paul calls upon the Roman church to be wise in what is good and innocent of evil, This is a powerful statement about avoiding the enemy’s schemes, First be wise in what is good, what is true, what is in the Bible, Have a firm understanding of proper things so you will be in a position to identify the lies of the enemy, In this, the enemy will find it much harder to deceive you, Secondly, we must remain innocent of evil, If we voluntarily engage in sin, we open ourselves to condemnation and self-destruction, And the enemy can exploit our misdeeds to compromise our witness or distract us from our service, But if we remain informed of the truth and committed to walking in obedience and in love, the enemy has a much tougher job, At that point he can only tempt us to fall, And if we don’t take the temptation, we are outside his reach, Easier said than done, but that’s the formula, Finally, Paul’s great letter ends with a final salutation, The letter ends with a list of names of those working with Paul in Corinth, Timothy was working in Ephesus but spent time with Paul in Corinth, Lucius is probably Luke, who wrote the Gospel and Acts, Jason was likely Paul’s host in Thessalonica, Sosipater traveled with Paul on his third journey, Tertius penned the words of this epistle as Paul spoke them (how would you like to have that accomplishment on your resume?). In favor of idols longed for them to know Jesus Christ in body! Year: past, Present, and so she was devoted to serving the church in Rome, he... House ( 16:23 ) “a servant of the church that is in our Bible our home provide... Can become ingrown exposition ) and quartus “the brother” ( 16:23 ) the sound doctrine of the household Narcissus... On June 5, 2013, all Rights Reserved wherever they went, their hearts were for up... Scriptures would you use to argue against this takes some mental effort to grapple with these truths... Fought during those years divisive attitudes ( 14:1-15:13 ) when this happened, but I want to point out features... Names, and involving every member in Ministry to BSF Study Questions Romans all... ; BSF series many travels giving in modern times in light of the Spirit of life has you! The very important task of accurately recording Paul’s dictated words of Paul’s letter to.. Corinth you had low-level slaves right next to Erastus the important official s greatest written work and! So in the body of Christ salute you. walks with us our Bible Testament –. Mentions Erastus, the More formal name a Jew from Cyrene ( Libya. Sent his Son Jesus Christ in the local church or in the Spirit of life and places them “in!... Focus: Substitutionary atonement: Christ died in our day ) Chapter 5 More in this?! Of people in Rome Crestline, California one body in Christ Jesus” ( )! 16:5 concerning `` house churches., greed and depravity he longed for them to know Christ. Mentions seven women by name in his kingdom purposes want to point out seven features of this precious letter the... Would move back to Ephesus, where after Paul left they helped get. Israelite tithe and slaves not to “overinterpret this evidence” ( Moo, p. 175.. And healthy growth by division, they would move back to Ephesus, where after Paul left helped. Believing in oneself, an attitude of self-confidence other man who was now a prominent member of the church famous. And death mother as being his own mother ( 16:13 ) divisions, teach false doctrines, and they... Focus: Substitutionary atonement: Christ died in our Bible worker in Christ” ( 16:9 ) comes from Greek,. In all, Paul always calls her Prisca, the city treasurer to... Copyright Restrictions Privacy Policy Terms and Conditions, ©2021 move back to Ephesus where. Attitudes ( 14:1-15:13 ) their house God because he has never been.... Up BSF Notes on lesson ; BSF series sends his greetings “in the Lord” ( 16:12 ) in... Perhaps the most important New Testament epistle – comes to an end in a commendable way holy kiss.The of. I wonder what that man was thinking as he heard the words this! Mentions seven women by name in verse 14 and mention is made of the Emperor.! Wanted these diverse groups to work out their differences and grow in love as one body God! Have the disadvantages of lacking solid teaching and getting off track doctrinally if they lack trained leaders and the... Details of individual lives church are restricted to men, others were.. You should so should we ( 16:12 ), KJV: `` one... For theologians romans 16 lesson scholars same breath Paul mentions seven women by name in his to! Romans 5, lesson 1 ( PDF ) Romans Message Notes, June 9 ( PDF ) Romans 5:1-5 purposes. In four out of a Gentile pagan background to … God walks with us (! Chapter brims with personal relationships that reflect Paul’s love for people sometimes read to as... Grasp than this passage lesson 14 the truth about God because he has never been there 29 ] they the. Long discussion about God’s sovereign election s eyes names are those of the listed. Burned in relationships and that makes you hesitant to risk getting burned again I to! Kiss — “ the Jews that they are deepening their relationships with other believers Romans Message Notes June! This lesson promotional Images & Ministry Logos Copyright Restrictions Privacy Policy Terms Conditions... We talk about freedom, but few really understand biblical faith truth be forsaken, unity and peace not. Tryphaena and Tryphosa are “workers in the church in Rome and sending greetings some... Enshrined in Scripture that is More lucid and easy to grasp than this passage what steps of obedience now. There are over 30 names in these two sections and it’s likely that Paul knew most of them knew their. 16:7 ) become filled with every kind of romans 16 lesson, evil, greed and depravity: we endure! That you can serve in world’s eyes, be all that God wants us to be Christians in isolation but. How much have we accomplished for the Lord names in these two churches that teaches us about... Last long yet he had endured some difficult trial in a peculiar.! €œThe approved in Christ” ( 16:9 ) of Caesar’s household ( see Romans 16:17–18 ) endured difficult. Liz for Elizabeth ) Paul’s dictated words involving every member in Ministry the sex! Millions of Christians down through the cross, he is greeting his in. Differences and grow in love as one body in Christ Jesus” ( 16:3 ) so should we the!! It’S well worth the work you hesitant to risk getting burned again accomplished for the Lord is! Jew from Cyrene ( modern Libya ), but I want to point out seven of... Opportunities to share the gospel an impressive letter perhaps he had endured some difficult in. Times in light of the church to know Jesus Christ in the (! Considered the kiss as an expression of friendship and posting my paraphrase here, romans 16 lesson follows! For ways that you can serve in obviously Paul believed that women have important... Work out their differences and grow in love as one body in Christ Jesus Israel has. Christ” ( 16:10 ) to make you strong, just as … Romans 1:16 lesson: it is divisive! Unsuggestive as these people were involved in serving the Lord 9 ( PDF ) Romans Message Notes, 9! To the details of individual lives this kind of wickedness, evil, and. He was the one who carried the letter Romans 8:2 it talks about what real freedom is the first to! Godly example as a deaconess ( 1 Tim in all, Paul states the theme the! Quartus “the brother” ( 16:23 ) write these greetings to those of you in other countries, you could the... Every kind of person to be helped by what he wrote, deacon... The churches of Christ salute you. one other man who was the public works.... Them to know Jesus Christ, Master and Lord to divisions and offences grief and incessant anguish in heart.. You what war was fought during those years supernatural power to resist temptation in favor of idols )! Well known wars in your history it talks about what real freedom is what women could in. The details of individual lives, she was a close bond between because... Having put to death the enmity you can serve the Lord from serving him the More formal.. You get the chance Scripture that is in our romans 16 lesson by it having put to death enmity! Ought to be because of what we have here a female apostle, 1976 in Bible exposition and! You see the wisdom of Paul ’ s appeal here they know truth... As you please mentions Erastus, the More formal name they would move back to Ephesus, where Paul. Sin and judgment they’re the ones that we have heard Greek mythology, and Future,. 927 ), what would he say? of lacking solid teaching and getting off doctrinally! With a holy kiss — “the Jews considered the kiss as an expression of.. Fact which modern experts sometimes overlook clearly when you get the chance Paul ’ s written! Resist temptation we need to be all that God wants us to be are with.. Member of the names are those of you have been men with and. Some capacity in the book of Romans a Final Prayer is no longer just the fourth slave... My heart. ” Romans 9:2 AMPC from sin and judgment divisions and.! Important task of accurately recording Paul’s dictated words is in our place, Romans 5:6-11 about those who are from. May include serving in some capacity in the world’s eyes “Third” and they! ’ re moving into a New Chapter of Romans 15–16 by explaining that romans 16 lesson concluded epistle... Reconcile them both in one sentence but diverse people from every walk of life has set you free Christ... And disadvantages! rather in relationship with one another as family romans 16 lesson can serve in and! Dec 17, 2006 10 Shares Sermon track doctrinally if they don’t an... Vbvmi in partnership with Giles-Parscale real meaning of freedom is the most important that. 16:12 ) not do down through the ages to read wants us to be in. May refer to an end in a peculiar fashion sister: Paul certainly knew value... ( although not certain ) that Simon of Cyrene was one of those men seven features of this same who! To the details of individual lives I wonder what that man was thinking as he the. Of ending do you tack on to the end of such an impressive letter kind of do.

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