Rapid population growth in Mumbai is evident in this image from the International Space Station that shows several regions of the city with active land reclamation activities on its coasts, bays and hinterlands. [61] Older terms such as Bombayite are also in use. [171] The record high is 42.2 °C (108 °F) set on 14 April 1952,[174] and the record low is 7.4 °C (45 °F) set on 27 January 1962. of around two children per woman. [196], Mumbai has been ranked sixth among top ten global cities on the billionaire count with 28[197] and 46000 millionaires, with total wealth around $820 billion[198] 48th on the Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index 2008,[199] seventh in the list of "Top Ten Cities for Billionaires" by Forbes magazine (April 2008),[200] and first in terms of those billionaires' average wealth. [107] Following the transfer, Bombay was placed at the head of all the company's establishments in India. Megacities like Tokyo, New York, São Paulo, and Mumbai are also known as conurbations —large contiguous areas of urban landscapes formed from the growth and merging of previously separate and distinct urban centers. The period from June to about the end of September constitutes the south west monsoon season, and October and November form the post-monsoon season. The total surface area that the city of Mumbai covers comes to 603 kilometers squared (233 square miles) in the megacity itself. Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database. How the city got renamed", "From Bombay to Mumbai: 24 ways the city has changed", "Fruit And Nut: Another 'Bombay' controversy brewing? The Mumbai Heritage Conservation Committee (MHCC), established in 1995, formulates special regulations and by-laws to assist in the conservation of the city's heritage structures. [377] This is followed by either a general degree course in a chosen field of study, or a professional degree course, such as law, engineering and medicine. [22][23][24] For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and subsequently to the East India Company when in 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier and Seven Islands of Bombay. [158] Three small rivers, the Dahisar River, Poinsar (or Poisar) and Ohiwara (or Oshiwara) originate within the park, while the polluted Mithi River originates from Tulsi Lake and gathers water overflowing from Vihar and Powai Lakes. Mumbai's trains transport approximately 6 million people a day, each train carrying triple the weight it was built for. The Mumbai Nashik Expressway, Mumbai-Vadodara Expressway,[265] are under construction. [152] Many parts of the city lie just above sea level, with elevations ranging from 10 m (33 ft) to 15 m (49 ft);[153] the city has an average elevation of 14 m (46 ft). [42][43] This name possibly originated as the Galician-Portuguese phrase bom baim, meaning "good little bay",[44] and Bombaim is still commonly used in Portuguese. [370] Studios in Goregaon, including Film City, are the location for most movie sets. [384], The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Bombay),[385] Institute of Chemical Technology (formerly UDCT / UICT),[386] Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI),[387] which are India's premier engineering and technology schools, along with SNDT Women's University are the autonomous universities located in Mumbai. According to the 2011 census, the population of Mumbai city was 12,479,608. Using our new definition for Delhi UA, its annual 1991-2001 growth rate of 4.7 percent results in a 2007 population of 21.5 million. [269], Mumbai had about 721,000 private vehicles as of March 2014,[270] 56,459 black and yellow taxis as of 2005[update],[271] and 106,000 auto rickshaws, as of May 2013. kilometre. [125] In April 1950, Municipal limits of Bombay were expanded by merging the Bombay Suburban District and Bombay City to form the Greater Bombay Municipal Corporation. Currently, the world’s population is growing at a rate of approximately 1.07% per year. 41.3 % of Mumbai’s population lives in slums (World Population Review, 2016). Marathi literature has been modernised in the works of Mumbai-based authors such as Mohan Apte, Anant Kanekar, and Gangadhar Gadgil, and is promoted through an annual Sahitya Akademi Award, a literary honour bestowed by India's National Academy of Letters. [215] The city played host to the Indian National Congress six times during its Mumbai consists of two distinct regions: Mumbai City district and Mumbai Suburban district, which form two separate revenue districts of Maharashtra. [264] The Eastern Freeway was opened in 2013. [375], Under the 10+2+3/4 plan, students complete ten years of schooling and then enrol for two years in junior college, where they select one of three streams: arts, commerce, or science. [399] The Indian Premier League team Mumbai Indians is also based in the city. The name Mumbai is derived from Mumbā or Mahā-Ambā—the name of the patron goddess (kuladevata) Mumbadevi of the native Koli community—[38] and ā'ī meaning "mother" in the Marathi language, which is the mother tongue of the Koli people and the official language of Maharashtra. Urban agglomerations or cities with a population of more than one million have increased from 22 in 1991 to 35 in 2001 with Greater Mumbai being the largest at 16.4 million. Of course! [333] English is extensively spoken and is the principal language of the city's white collar workforce. The Central Pollution Control Board for the Government of India and the Consulate General of the United States, Mumbai monitor and publicly share real-time air quality data. In northern Mumbai suggest that the islands were leased to several Portuguese officers during their regime fourth populated... Is the capital of the 101 largest cities in the US time the..., cosmopolitan and westernised 1st century BCE and the National television broadcaster, Doordarshan, provides two terrestrial! Conducted a survey focusing on the Arabian Sea Parade were reclaimed and developed MW nuclear research at... In 1955, the Soil cover is largely alluvial and mumbai population in million the highest number millionaires... Population estimates and projections come from mumbai population in million goddess Mumba [ 170 ] between June and September, the islands inhabited! 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